HTM18 Oscillating Cylinder

HTM18 Oscillating Cylinder

This bench top unit comprises a sturdy base plate, which can be mounted vertically for demonstration purposes or flat for experimental use.

On the left of the base is a large rotating protractor scale 'Crank' that rotates on a shaft and bearing arrangement. The increments on the protractor match with a indicator that ensure accurate reading of the angular movement of the scale. Integral to this protractor are varying radius positions used for locating the crankshaft. At the other end of the crankshaft is a slider 'Piston' that runs in a swivelling housing. A linear scale mounted to this housing ensures accurate readings of the piston displacement. An input disc can houses a crank pin, which can be fixed at various radii across the input disc face.

Adjustments can be made to the position of the crank shaft on the crank. This adjusts the crank length and hence the stroke of the piston. There are also three (3) positions available on the crank shaft to change the length of the crankshaft. For incremental angular movement of the protractor, the associated movement of the slider are recorded and plotted.

A comprehensive instruction manual for lecturer and student, giving full details on apparatus assembly and operation as well as example results. All necessary assembly and operational tools are provided.

HTM18 Oscillating Cylinder
  • The bench mounted apparatus consists of an adjustable length crank attached to a connecting rod, which is attached to a sliding piston.
  • The piston axis swivels approximately in line with the connecting rod.
  • The crankshaft incorporates a rotating protractor scale 360°, 10° increments
  • The piston displacement read on a sliding scale, 0 - 100mm, 1mm increments
  • Crankshaft radius adjustment 6.25mm
  • Maximum crankshaft radius 50mm
  • Crankshaft length adjustment 25mm
  • Comprehensive instruction manual provided
  • 2 year warranty
  • To determine the relationship between crank angle and stroke
  • To study the effect of changing the crank radius
  • To investigate by graphical differentiation the relationship between angular and linear speeds and accelerations of the mechanism
  • To construct velocity and acceleration diagrams for the mechanism
  • Comparison of experimental results with theoretical predictions