The THEORY of MACHINES range enables clear and comprehensive learning of and topics. An understanding of the way in which forces act and react, is fundamental when studying the application of loads on a variety of fixed structures and rotating machinery. The THEORY of MACHINES form a comprehensive range of equipment, equally suitable for demonstration and experimental work.
All the THEORY of MACHINES hardware operates in a standalone mode, with a large number being supplied with Data Acquisition Software.
Wall mounted apparatus for investigating the mechanics of a simple wheel and axle machine. Students are able to obtain equations for the relationship between load and effort, and hence obtain a value for the limiting efficiency of the machine. Velocity ratios can be calculated along with understanding the effect on effort, friction and efficiency with increased load.
Through the use of a wheel and stepped differential axle, students can determine the velocity ratio and comparison with calculated values for simple wheel and differential axle machine.
Wall mounted apparatus for analysis of the efficiency, velocity ratio and mechanical advantage of an industry standard worm and wheel pair
The gear form apparatus is designed to show and describe how gear teeth are defined and how basic gears work. It also explains the form of an involute curve and how this is used to create a gear tooth profile.
This compact bench mounted self contained apparatus enables the observation of the rise and fall of various cams and followers supplied.
Wall mounted apparatus to allow students to verify the second law of motion applied to a flywheel i.e. the relationship between torque and angular acceleration. Students can compare experimental and calculated moments of inertia of a disc as well as study the energy transformations.
The floor or bench mounted apparatus assists in determining the mechanical advantage, velocity ratio, efficiency and limiting efficiency of a single or double gear train.
Apparatus to show the relationship between crank shaft rotation and piston displacement for a fixed "cylinder". The stroke of the connecting rod and hence piston can be adjusted by securing its end to the different fixing points on the radius of the crankshaft.
Apparatus to determine the relationship between crank angle and piston stroke, the effect of changing crank radius and evaluates the relationship between angular and linear speeds and accelerations.
Apparatus that allows the investigation into the relative angular displacements of shafts at opposite ends of a Hooke's coupling and observes the effect of changing the angles between the axes of the coupling and the interconnecting rod.
This apparatus consists of a complete model Ackerman linkage mounted on a flat board. It is ideal for demonstration or experimental work and is an aid to understanding the design principles involved within a steering system.
This apparatus represents a scale model of the wishbone and king pin arrangement of a front wheel suspension complete with a wheel on an adjustable stub axle. The king pin assembly includes a steering link to demonstrate how a real car works.
A stepped shaft with three diameters is carried in a bracket which then allows the comparison of the angular rotation of a shaft and the tangential speed at the circumference.
Bench top unit to clearly demonstrate the functionality of gear trains, pulleys and belts. Based around a bench top unit, students can quickly assemble single and compound gear trains, pulley and belt arrangements. Theory and analysis behind the key elements of the apparatus function is supplied.
This compact bench top unit is constructed around a motor that is used for driving a variety of customer apparatus. The apparatus allows speed, torque and power to be monitored and calculated.
Understanding the basics of gear trains is important. This apparatus ensures this is done in a simple, visual and durable way. Small, compact and self contained bench top unit for introducing students to gear trains and epicyclic gears.
This industrial winch allows students to determine the efficiency, velocity ratio, characteristics of the winch under increased load and the safety elements of the winch.
Compact model and visual apparatus of a crank mechanism, with crank shaft, con rod and piston. This wall mounted apparatus is used by students to observe and record the crank motion and forces involved with a simple engine mechanism.
This apparatus represents a sliding mesh gearbox, with clear visible gears to aid the students understanding of the principles involved.
To carry out experiments to investigate the relationship between the normal force acting on the brake pads, the effective radius of the brake pads and the braking torque.
A self-contained bench top unit for the analysis of static and dynamic balancing of masses on shafts. Students learn about static and dynamic balancing, force polygons, couple polygons and vectors.
To be a bench top, self contained apparatus for the demonstration of whirling speeds of flexible shafts of different lengths and diameters.
Bench top apparatus to demonstrate the dynamic investigation of cam and follower mechanisms, as used in motors for actuation of the valves. The cam mechanism consists of 4 interchangeable cams and 2 different cam followers. A mass and spring are used to simulate the valve. To demonstrate "valve bounce", the spring rate, lifted mass, spring compression and speed are all adjustable. A set of springs and added masses are supplied. Each cam is easily interchanged. A Data Acquisition Interface with software is supplied to allow the rise and fall of the cam to be monitored. Valve bounce can be easily observed using the interface and software. All rotating parts are contained within a transparent safety guard.
Based around a rigid, sturdy frame a variety of drive arrangements can easily be interchanged and fixed into position. Bearing blocks ensure excellent, repeatable alignment of the drives along with smooth running. The drive arrangements include dual belt drive, chain drive with tensioner, spur gear train, dual spur gear, compound bevel gear and spur gear, compound worm / wheel gear and bevel gear, rack and pinion with a spur gear drive. A cranked handle operates the drives giving more control and feel for each drive arrangement. The layout of the drives gives an excellent visual indication of motion, direction, velocity, and mechanical action.
This disc has a pointer so that the input angle can be exactly read on the integrated angle measuring scale. The crank pin can be set at different radii on the disc. The slider crank is attached to the crank pin on one side. On the other side the pin is mounted in straight guide that is fitted with a ruler to allow the output stroke to be read off with precision.
A sturdy bench top base, with mounting feet and carry handles, incorporates a disc mounted on ball bearings as a crank. The disc has a protractors angle scale so that the rotational angle can be accurately viewed and measured. The crank pin connecting the crank to the disc can be set at different radii on the disc. The connecting rod and the oscillating lever are connected together in different lengths using quick-fit bolts.
A sturdy based plate contains two vertical rods. One supports a pulley wheel over which runs the test cord, whilst the other vertical rod supports a bearing housing onto which all the test bodies are easily attached. To minimize friction, the bearing housing contains two precision bearings.
Three test bodies are supplied: solid cylinder, hollow cylinder and rectangular bar. All mount quickly and easily to the bearing housing. Clamp on weights are provided which easily and quickly attach to the rectangular bar using plastic screws. The radius of gyration of the clamp on weights can be easily adjusted and measured.
The input and output power of the HTM81 is calculated for determining the gear efficiency of two different gear configurations. The HTM81 gear efficiency apparatus has a gearbox which incorporates both spur and worm gears for which the setups can be easily switched between. The motor speed input can be controlled as well as a breaking force or load applied to the output shaft via a braking module. Sensors for speed and force are located on the motor module (input) and the brake module (output).
The machinery diagnostic system can be used to simulate certain types of damage and investigate its effects on the vibration spectrum. The HTM90 base unit permits vibration measurement exercises whereby readings can be taken from different points on the apparatus and at different motor speeds. Users can also complete exercises from purposefully induced faults (measurement of vibration displacement, velocity and acceleration in the time/frequency range). Balancing of rigid rotors and alignment of shafts can also be practiced.
This accessory allows the safe and secure attachment of a large variety of wall mounted experiments from the Hi-Tech Education range of teaching products.